Bihar is a state in East India, touching Nepal. It is separated by the River Ganges, which surges its ripe fields. Essential Buddhist journey locales incorporate the Bodhi Tree in Bodhgaya's Mahabodhi Temple, under which the Buddha purportedly reflected. In the state capital Patna, Mahavir Mandir sanctuary is adored by Hindus, while Sikhs worship, riverside Gurdwara of Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Ji.
A great many people go to Bihar to visit the Buddhist circuit of Bodhgaya, Rajgir, Nalanda and Vaishali, with Patna as a transport center point. It's not the most straight forward state to visit, with restricted English and higher than ordinary levels of chaos, however explorers will appreciate finding the many entrancing, off-the-beaten track goals holding up to be found.
Patna its capital city today, Patliputra in those circumstances was home to one of the best rulers in the historical back drop of the world who administered over a significant part of the Indian - Subcontinent and stretched out the extent that Iran and Afghanistan toward the West. Bihar is the captivating place that is known for awesome religious leaders like Gautama Buddha, Lord Mahavir and Guru Gobind Singh.
Bihar is the home of Emperor Ashoka who lectured "ahimsa" or peacefulness and spread the message of Buddhism all through the world. The convention of "ahimsa" has been conveyed into the cutting edge times and the land was observer to the "Satyagraha (or peacefulness) Movement" of the Father of the Nation, Mahatama Gandhi.
Bihar is likewise the origination of numerous religions, including Buddhism and Jainism. "Bihar" has its origin in the Sanskrit word "Vihara", which means Buddhist Monasteries. Buddha accomplished Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya, a town situated in the advanced area of Gaya. Buddha began spreading his educating in the wake of accomplishing the Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya. Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, was conceived in Vaishali, When we discuss Bihar we are recollected of old India when Buddhism was advancing into what now is an all inclusive religion. The Word "Bihar" has been begat from "Vihara" which means Buddhist cloisters. At one time in the age of history these "viharas" were strewn everywhere throughout the scene of Bihar, around towns and urban communities alike.
After the Battle of Buxar (1765), the British East India Company got the diwani (rights to manage and gather income, or expense organization/accumulation) for Bihar, Bengal and Orissa. Starting here onwards, Bihar remained a piece of the Bengal Presidency of the British Raj. In 1912, Bihar was cut out as a different territory. In 1935, certain segments of Bihar were redesigned into the different territory of Orissa.
Babu Kunwar Singh of Jagdishpur and his armed force, and countless other people from Bihar, contributed to the India's First War of Independence (1857), like wise called "Sepoy Mutiny" by some historians.
After his return from the South Africa, Mahatma Gandhi began the freedom development in India by his satyagraha in the Champaran area of Bihar against the British , who were constraining the neighborhood agriculturists to plant indigo which was extremely unsafe to the soil. This development by Mahatma Gandhi got the huge support from a cross segment of individuals, including Dr. Rajendra Prasad, who rose to become the first President of India.